Previous step is here.
Straight off I want to say that as I write this series of articles I fix some things and update my PE library (Note, that this step is for 0.1.x versions, too).
And we continue to develop our own packer. At this step it is time to turn directly to PE file packing. I shared a simple packer long time ago, which was ineffective by two reasons: firstly, it uses standard Windows functions for data packing and unpacking, which are rather slow and have low compression rate, secondly, all PE file sections were packed individually, which is not very optimal. This time I will do this differently. We are going to read data of all sections at once, assemble them into one block and pack. So, the resulting file will have only one section (actually two, I will explain this later), we can place all the resources, the packer code and helper tables into it. This will provide some benefits, because we don’t need to spend space for file alignment, besides that, LZO algorithm is much more effective than RtlCompressBuffer in all respects.